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    Suppositions of Nietzsche’s Übermensch in Albert Camus’ Caligula (1944) and Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot (1953)
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2023) LIMANI Lamia
    This study was conducted by analyzing the implicit Nietzschean elements in the famous twentieth century plays Caligula (1944) written by Albert Camus and Waiting for Godot (1953) by Samuel Beckett. The purpose of this dissertation was to expound the main echoes of Nietzsche’s morality, Übermensch, Last Man and Higher Man within the scope of the playwrights’ implementation of these notions for the construction of their main characters. In addition this, I have attempted abstracting them in order to get a map of Nietzsche’s kinds of men that rely on his controversial ideas about superior and inferior moralities. The results showcase the intertextual dialogism of the two plays. The first chapter dissected Nietzsche’s representations, mainly that of the Overman, in the play Caligula. Findings after analysis showed that Albert Camus was not only exploring the concept through his main character, but he also caricatured the emperor of Rome by applying the attributes of Nietzsche’s Overman in a literal and rigid manner. Chapter II was dedicated to an analysis of Waiting for Godot’s Vladimir and Estragon as well as a study of Pozzo and Lucky whom were presented as a literal Master/slave dichotomy. This second chapter revealed the failure of Vladimir and Estragon to go beyond themselves as well as Pozzo and Lucky’s oversimplified representation that served as a critique to the duality of dominance and subservience. Therefore, the conclusion that imposed itself was that the playwrights payed double-edged tributes to Friedrich Nietzsche’s philosophy
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    An Analysis of the Grammatical Errors Made by Master Two Students in Discussion Chapter of Master Dissertations: The Case of Didactics and Language Communication Students of the Department of English at MMUTO.
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2023) TAHRAT Thanina; IBEGHOUCHENE Henia
    The current research analyses the grammatical errors made by master students in the discussion chapter. It attempts to identify the most common grammatical errors and understand the underlying reasons behind these errors. To achieve this goal, mixed methods were employed, combining both qualitative and quantitative methods for gathering and analysing the required data. Thus, to collect data, we have analysed a corpus obtained from the discussion chapters of thirteen (13) master dissertations, which were selected randomly. Alongside, an online questionnaire that was delivered to the previous MA students of the English department at MMUTO. The results obtained from the corpus are interpreted following ‘the Surface Strategy Taxonomy’ adopted by Dulay, Burt& Krashen (1982).The outcomes of the questionnaire are analysed according to ‘the Cyclical Model of Self-regulated Learning Strategies’ proposed by Zimmerman (2000). Therefore, the collected data from the analysis of the corpus were presented and analysed through the qualitative content analysis (QCA), while the accumulated data from the questionnaire were displayed and interpreted using descriptive statistical method. The findings of this study demonstrat that MA students made four categories of errors within their discussion chapters involving: misformation, omission, addition and misordering. The results also reveal that both misformation and omission emerged as the most frequent types of grammatical errors made by those students. To delve into the reason behind these errors, the questionnaires’ outcomes show that the inadequacy in the utilization of self-regulated learning strategies is the primary source of these grammatical inaccuracies. Overall, MA students make these different types of grammatical errors due to their limited usage of self-monitoring and self-evaluation strategies during their process of writing.
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    Postcolonial Utopianism in Buchi Emecheta’s Destination Biafra (1982)
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2023) SAIDJ Lyza; SADOUN Hanane
    This dissertation examines utopianism in the context of a postcolonial Nigerian state, by focusing on Buchi Emecheta's Destination Biafra (1982). Through analysis of utopian and dystopian themes, we seek to illustrate the ability for the emergence of a new independent nation founded on principles of justice, freedom, and self-determination, as exemplified by the protagonist Debbie in Emecheta's literary work. In pursuit of this objective, we draw upon Bill Ashcroft's theory of Postcolonial Utopianism as presented in Utopianism in Postcolonial Literatures (2017). This dissertation goes beyond the mere examination of utopian ideals, delving into the intricate relationship between nationalism and anti-nationalism, while also investigating the profound effects of post-independence on the formation and construction of national identities. Moreover, we explore the transformative power of education in empowering individuals and preserving their cultural heritage within a postcolonial context. In order to yield more precise and nuanced findings, our research has led us to conclude that Destination Biafra encompasses an exploration of multifaceted themes including the creative spirit, resistance, and memory, particularly in the background of the Nigerian Civil War. By exploring these themes, the novel aims to exemplify the possibility of postcolonial literature in envisioning and shaping a future characterized by greater equity and justice. Thus, our study contributes to the broader discourse on utopianism in Nigerian literature highlighting its capacity to serve as a vehicle for imagining alternative social realities and inspiring transformative change
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    William Golding’s Lord of the Flies (1954) and Harry Hook’s The Forgotten Island (1990): A Dialogic Study
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2022) AMRAOU Narimene; BERRANEN Lamia
    The present work studies William Golding’s novel Lord of the Flies (1954) and Harry Hook’s movie The Forgotten Island (1990) from a dialogic perspective. Our study falls into two main chapters. In the first chapter, we made an appeal to Mikhail Bakhtin’s concept of Parody to show the oppositional views of the themes discussed in the novel as well as its adaptation, namely; Evilness, Civilization versus Savagery and Loss of Innocence. The second chapter is about the analysis of the key elements of chronotope in both works. We focus on the temporal and spatial indicators that are presented. This developed examination highlights the main points where the two works intersect and which work is regarded as a response to the other. We come to the conclusion that these respective works are dialogic in terms of themes, as well as the representation of time and space
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    Tracing Corruption, Crime and Violence in Eric Barnes’s The City Where We Once Lived (2018) and its prequel Above the Ether (2019)
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2022) KENTOUCHE Souhila; KACI Feriel
    This research investigates corruption, crime and violence in Eric Barnes’s The City Where We Once Lived (2018) and its prequel Above the Ether (2019). It studies how man’s abuse of nature led to a post-apocalyptic world, which is induced by climate change. Different natural disasters such as storms, earthquakes and floods hit the world. The dissertation discusses corruption, crime and violence in relation to environmental issues. It relies on Claire P. Curtis’s Postapocalyptic Fiction and the Social Contract: “We’ll Not Go Home Again”, Shela Sheikh’s concept of violence and Gregers Andersen’s Climate Fiction and Cultural Analysis: A New Perspective on Life in the Anthropocene. Barnes’s works are chosen for the powerful messages they hide and their impressive impact on the reader’s mind. This study aims first to explore the impact of climate change and the post-apocalyptic world on characters. Our investigation of the issue under study has led us to some findings. Both novels show how post-apocalyptic horrible environment cause the absence of the government and the corruption of its leaders and commissioners. We find the total absence of law and police to restrict people. These events push the characters, in both novels, to feel insecure because there is no power to protect them. Consequently, these acts of crime and violence push people to be violent in order to defend themselves. Both novels focus on the use of violence as a self-defence mechanism to survive and the benefit of working as one community to escape the terrifying post-apocalypse.
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    The Influence of Art-related Activities and Project-based Learning on Third-Year Students’ Motivation for Developing Speaking Skills in The English Department at MMUTO
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2023) BRAHIMI Maya; ARIBI Aissa Islam
    The current research investigates the art-based approach to EFL learners’ motivation to develop speaking skills. More to the point, it aims at exploring the use of art-related activities as tasks or projects by teachers to enhance EFL students’ motivation for developing skills. In order to meet the objectives of the study, the research relies on Nunan’s theory of Task-Based Language Learning, which investigated the way third-year EFL students of the English Department at Mouloud Mammeri University of Tizi-Ouzou perceive art-related activities. The methodology employed in our research is the mixed-method (quantitative and qualitative), where we collected data from classroom observations and the questionnaires from L3 students at the English Department of MMUTO. The obtained findings are analyzed using Qualitative Content Analysis (QCA). The results reveal that teachers using art-based and project-based approaches motivate students to learn English and develop their speaking abilities. However, we found that not all teachers use these types of activities. Furthermore, the findings demonstrate that students’ attitudes toward art-related activities are positive. Based on the accumulated findings, we recommend that more research should be carried out on this topic and teachers should implement art-based approach with project-based learning in the teaching process
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    The Subaltern as a Victim and Hero in Athol Fugard’s Blood Knot (1961) and My children! My Africa! (1989)
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2022) ABDESLAM Smail; STOUTAH Abderrezak
    The following piece of research falls with African literary studies. It ventures to study the issue of the double representation of the Black South Africans both as ‘subaltern’ and ‘resistant’ in two selected plays namely My Children! My Africa (1989) and Blood Knot (1961) by white South African playwright Athol Fugard. Within two chapters, our work discusses Fugard’s depiction of his characters as subaltern then as resistant or heroes within the Apartheid segregationist system. We rely on the theoretical grounding of Antonio Gramsci on ‘Subalternity’ and ‘Resistance’, one of the basic findings of our work is that Fugard is committed to give a faithful demonstration of the South African subaltern’s resistance through education and identity
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    A Genre Analysis Study of Master Conclusions. The Case Study: Didactics of Foreign Languages Dissertations Written Between 2018 and 2020 of English Department at MMUTO
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2022) RAHOUI Samira; HAMADOUCHE Hanane
    Genre analysis has gained so much interest among genre analysts all around the world. Thus, our study aims at investigating the generic structure of the concluding chapters of Didactics Master Dissertation written by students of MMUTO from 2018 to 2020. Furthermore, this study has three objectives. The first one is to clarify and bring to light the different moves and steps followed by Didactics Master Students of the university of Tizi-Ouzou. The second objective is to raise the student’s disciplinary awareness. The last one is to raise student’s generic awareness through explicitly teaching the different generic templates such as Bunton’s (2005) for conclusions. Therefore, to achieve these objectives, Bunton’s (2005) model of conclusions is adopted as a theoretical framework for the analysis. In order to reach the objectives, a move analysisis used to study the moves and steps used in each dissertation conclusion, and the quantitative method is used to report the results. Thus, the findings have presented quantitatively as statistics using the rule of three. The results gathered from this study have revealed that all the five moves are present in the twenty Didactics of Foreign Languages Master Dissertation Conclusions, as for the steps some are fully achieved such as ‘Purpose’, ‘Method and Findings’, and ‘Recommendations for Future Research’. Some others are rarely achieved, as ‘Research Questions and Hypotheses’, ‘Claims’, ‘Implications’. Whereas Reference to Previous Research is totally overlooked. In addition, the results have revealed that the majority of Didactics of Foreign Languages Master Students have opted for an additional step which is ‘Limitations of the Study’. The conclusion to be drawn from the different outcomes shows that Bunton’s (2005) moves are all achieved. As for the steps, it was the student’s choice to include them all or to abandon some because of their lack of disciplinary and generic awareness. The pedagogical implications of this study are primarily concerned with the need to raise student’s generic and disciplinary awareness through an explicit teaching of genre and more specifically, conclusion as a part-genre.
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    A Comparative Study of Elizabeth Gaskell’s North and South (1855) and Edith Wharton’s The House of Mirth (1905): A New Historicist Reading
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2023) SADOUDI Celia; TIGHALTINE Karima
    The present dissertation is a comparative thematic study of Elizabeth Gaskell’s North and South (1855) and Edith Wharton’s The House of Mirth (1905). As a supporting theory, our research paper relies on Stephen Greenblatt’s approach of New Historicism because a literary work is not separated from its historical context. The aim of this work is to show that despite the historical and historical differences that exist between the two selected novels, they share many themes in common among which we cite “class division” and “women’s status”. Following IMRAD method, my dissertation has started with a presentation of the two authors Elizabeth Gaskell and Edith Wharton and their novels North and South and The House of Mirth. In Method and Materials, we have explained the reason of our choice of New Historicism approach. In our analysis of this topic, our discussion is divided into two chapters. The first chapter focuses on the notion of ‘Class division’ in North and South where the Victorian society was divided into two main classes the ‘middle’ and the ‘working’ classes. Also, in the second section of the chapter we have highlighted the issue of ‘Women’s Question’ as a prominent theme in the novel. In its turn, the second chapter deals with the same themes in The House of Mirth including the issue of ‘Social Class’ that divided the American society into the ‘upper’ and the ‘working’ classes, and we have also tended to depict the American “ideal woman” and how she struggled to break the traditional values of the patriarchal society
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    A Dialogue on Ideology and Utopia in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) and Boualem Sansal’s 2084 La fin du monde (2015).
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2021) DAHMANI Kahina
    The present dissertation sets out to analyse the dialogue between George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty- Four (1949) And Boualem Sansal’s 2084 La fin du monde (2015). It investigates the portrayed dystopias and the idea of totalitarianism. To examine this point, this dissertation brings into focus the utopian evolution into dystopia. This paper also seeks to examine the influence of the authors’ backgrounds on the creation of their totalitarian worlds and the dialogue that exists between their texts To reach these aims, this paper has relied on Karl Mannheim’s Ideology and Utopia and Mikhail Bakhtin’s conception of “dialogism.” This analysis tries to demonstrate that although both writers come from different areas and lived in different periods, they share the same concerns and reflect the same issue that characterized their time. Both have portrayed the rise of harsh totalitarian governments that seem to threaten modern societies.
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    Linguistic Deviations in Computer-mediated Communication Messenger Conversations: The Case of EFL Master 2 Language and Communication Students at the University of Tizi-Ouzou
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2023) AIT OUAZZOU Tounssia; DORIDOU Fatima
    The current study investigates linguistic deviations in computer-mediated communication Messenger conversations. The objectives of the study are twofold. First, it attempts to identify the linguistic deviations employed by Master 2 Language and Communication students enrolled in the Department of English at the University of Tizi-Ouzou regarding graphology, grammar, phonology and lexis. Second, it strives to identify the reasons why Master 2 students use deviated forms in their Messenger conversations. To reach the objectives of the study, the mixed-methods approach is applied. Qualitative data are collected from a corpus of thirty-three Messenger conversation screenshots. Quantitative data, on the other hand, are collected from a questionnaire directed to Master 2 students. Through the research process, Leech’s (1969) Model of Linguistic Deviations and Qualitative Content Analysis are used to analyze the Messenger conversation screenshots written in English obtained from the Messenger group of Master 2 students, and quantitative/statistical analysis is used to treat the data obtained from the questionnaire. The results reveal that the students use graphological, grammatical, phonological, and lexical deviations in their Messenger conversations. The reasons for violating the rules of standard language include efficiency and speed, importance of the message over its form, trendy language, and space limitations
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    Raising EFL Students’ Intercultural Awareness through Movies in English Language at MMUTO
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2023) LAKHDARI Sara; IAZOURENE Khadidja
    The present work aims at investigating the role of movies in raising EFL students’ intercultural awareness in the Department of English at MMUTO. The study has set three main objectives. The first objective is to explore whether watching movies aids EFL students to move from the first level to the last level of Baker’s theory of ICA. The second objective is to investigate whether EFL students misunderstand or understand a cultural aspect while watching movies in English language. The third objective is to discover the attitudes of EFL students towards watching movies in English language and the efficiency of the last mentioned in improving Master I students’ intercultural awareness. In order to meet the objectives of the study, Baker’s framework of Intercultural Awareness in his Article entitled Intercultural Awareness: Modeling and understanding of Cultures in Intercultural Communication through English as a Lingua Franca (2011) is adopted. We gathered our data from movies given to students to watch and from a questionnaire distributed to them as a research technique in order to get reliable data. As far as the analyses data is concerned, the mixed method research combining both qualitative and quantitative methods are adopted. The qualitative data are analyzed using Qualitative Content Analysis (QCA) while the SPSS is used to analyze the quantitative ones. The majority of students declared that movies are motivating. Foremost those movies help students to promote their language skills, they serve as a medium of entertainment and of imparting cultural knowledge, learning and understanding cultures as well as raising their ICA. As final findings, the results indicate that students have positive attitudes towards watching movies, and those movies proved their efficiency in raising their ICA.
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    The Representation of the British Empire in Shakespeare’s the merchant of Venice and the tempest: postcolonial standpoint
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2023) BOUSAID Feriel; BOUZIANE Thiziri
    This dissertation has examined the representation of the British Empire in William Shakespeare's plays, The Merchant of Venice (1596) and The Tempest (1611), from a Peripheral Postcolonial standpoint. The objective of the present work, which takes its theoretical bearings from Edward Said’s Postcolonialism, is to challenge the existing idea of England's supremacy during the late 15th and early 16th centuries, arguing that the Spanish and Ottoman empires held more central positions in global power dynamics at that time. It investigates how Shakespeare's depiction of the British Empire reflected the ambitions of a nation seeking to establish itself as a dominant colonial force. By examining characters like Portia in The Merchant of Venice and Caliban/Prospero in The Tempest, our concern is to highlight voices and perspectives that are often ignored or marginalized in order to maintain the existing power dynamics. Furthermore, we have explored the historical backdrop of the 15th and early 16th centuries, emphasizing the significant roles played by the Spanish and Ottoman empires on the global stage. Through this research, it is demonstrated that the British Empire, while emerging as a significant power, existed on the periphery of dominant imperial powers during that era. The findings of our research, have contributed to a deeper understanding of Shakespeare's portrayal of the British Empire, and England’s position within the global power dynamics of the 15th and early 16th centuries. Overall, it is incorrect to categorize England as a colonizing imperial power in comparison to other European and non-European powers that exerted global dominance. During the Elizabethan (1558-1603) and Jacobean (1603-1625) eras, it can be argued that England was actively involved in constructing its empire but had not yet achieved the status of a fully established imperial power
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    Southerne’s Oroonoko: A Tragedy and Tapia y Rivera’s La Cuarterona Translated as Juliet of the Tropics by John Maddox: A Comparative Study
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2023) ABDELAZIZ Salim; BEKHTAOUI Nassima
    The aim of the current study was to examine the different parallels and similarities between Thomas Southerne‟s Oroonoko (1696) and Alejandro Tapia‟s La Cuarterona (1867) which was translated as Juliet of the Tropics (2016). To deal with this comparative study, we borrowed some concepts from Julia Kristeva‟s theory of Intertxuality which focused on the idea that all narratives were the result of intertexts and assumed that there was no pure creation in literature. Among these concepts, we used the concept of “ambivalence” which involves a text‟s interaction with its historical and literary backgrounds. In other words, to understand a literary work, there must be a comprehension of the historical events which influenced the writer to produce the text. Transposition was another concept of intertextuality we used to conduct our research. It claimed that writers transposed “signs” from previous texts to write their own ones. This dissertation has been divided into three major chapters. Each one dealt with one specific topic. The first chapter was entitled „Historical and Literary Context of the Texts‟. It has analyzed slavery as the main circumstance under which the works were produced and how it was portrayed by the playwrights. The second chapter was „Intertexual Parallels in Southerne‟s Oroonoko and Tapia‟s La Cuarterona (Juliet of the Tropics). It has sought to explore the different similarities existing between the two plays at the level of characters and themes. As to the third chapter whose title was Tragedy in Southerne‟s Oroonoko and Tapia‟s Juliet of the Tropics, it has emphasized the tragedy of Oroonoko and Carlos and their losses of their beloved ones. As a conclusion, it could be noticed that the two writers express their abolitionist stances regarding slavery. They were like the voice of all those slaves who struggled from that institution and bore its consequences. At the same time, they displayed the real image of colonization and slavery whose only result was tragedy.
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    Jeff Orlowski’s Netflix Docu-drama ‘‘The Social Dilemma’’: A Critical Discourse Analysis
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2023) KERRECHI Rania; KHALFAOUI Melissa
    The present dissertation is a corpus-based study that is concerned with the critical discourse analysis of the docu-drama entitled “The Social Dilemma” directed by Jeff Orlowsky. This investigation examines the linguistic tools used by tech industry experts in their discourse to establish ideologies and maintain power, as well as the impact of the tech industry experts discourse on the viewers of that documentary. Our research is a critical discourse analysis of experts’ utterances where elements of quantitative analysis are incorporated to CDA to complement the results obtained through the use of Norman Fairclough’s three stages: description, interpretation, and explanation. The corpus consists of the discourse of Sillicon Valley experts. Therefore, this research revealed that those experts used some linguistic tools such as repeating words, synonyms, hyponyms, and antonyms, sentence processes and modes as well as modal verbs and pronouns in order to deliver their ideologies. This study showed also that “The Social Dilemma” had a great impact on its viewers as it changed their perceptions towards social media.
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    Alienation in Ayi Kwei Armah’s The beautyful ones are not yet born (1968) and Doris Lessing’s The fifth child (1988)
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2023) MOKRANI Hakim; MAIGA Hadeye Oumar
    The present comparative study examined the theme of alienation in two literary works namely, Armah’s first novel, The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born (1968) and Doris Lessing's The Fifth Child. The analysis of the two texts is undertaken from a comparative perspective by using Pascale Casanova’s concept of Literary Affinity as it is elaborated in her book, The Republic of Letters and Harold Bloom's concept of "Alienation", which is developed in book that bears the same name, Alienation. The two concepts represent the theoretical framework on this comparison dissertation. The main objective is to examine the context in which the two novels are produced, draw parallels between the two authors’ lives and literary careers. In addition, we compare the novels’ structures, settings, and the characters' experiences of alienation. The comparative study shed light on the ways on which alienation manifests through oppressive social norms and study their impacts individuals psyche in the selected novels. Our comparison also revealed that Harold Bloom's Concept of "Alienation" is clearly displayed in the two narratives through the profound sense of dislocation, estrangement, and disillusionment experienced by the main characters in their specific sociopolitical and cultural contexts. The comparative analysis demonstrates the presence of analogies in feelings of isolation, marginalization, and loss of identity. By applying Bloom's alienation, we compared the characters' struggles, their relationships, and the societal factors that contribute to their sense of alienation. Finally, through this comparative analysis, similarities and differences in the manifestation of alienation are highlighted by examining its deep moral and emotional impacts on the selected novels’ characters in relation to their role and place in society.
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    Stereotyping North Africa in Peter Mayne’s A Year in Marrakesh (1953)
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2020) DENDAOUINE Linda; MEZIANI Sonia
    This research paper aims at analyzing Peter Mayne’s A Year in Marrakesh. The purpose of this dissertation is to demonstrate stereotype issue in North Africa. To treat this subject, we have opted for the theory of David Joe Schneider’s The Psychology of Stereotyping (2005). Our dissertation aims to show how Morocco as a North African country is stereotyped by the Westerners. The first chapter dealt with accurate and inaccurate stereotypes, where we found that stereotypical beliefs can be real perceived thoughts, we have also deduced that stereotypes are false thoughts about the Other. The second chapter is devoted to the study of David Schneider’s principles in relation to Peter Mayne’s novel namely categorization, schemas, implicit personality, in-groups and out-groups, prejudice, discrimination and generalization. In this part, we have focused on Peter Mayne’s stereotypical representation of the Moroccan social life. We concluded that, Peter Mayne’s novel A Year in Marrakesh is a vivid picture of the way North Africa is stereotyped by the other ‘westerners’.
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    EFL Beginning Teachers: An analysis of Early Career Teacher Development in the Department of English at M.M.U.T.O
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2022) AIT MANSOUR Houria; AIT DRIS Cylia
    This study is mainly concerned with EFL teachers’ views and attitudes towards teachers’ professional development in the Department of English at MMUTO. For data collection, (40) questionnaires were distributed to teachers at the level of the English Department at MMUTO. However, in this study we relied on Fuller’s theory of concern (1969), which clearly explained the stages that a teacher must go through to provide better methods of teaching. To analyze the collected data, we have used the mixed-method approach, combining the qualitative and quantitative methods. The data collected from the open-ended questions from the questionnaire were analyzed using the qualitative content analysis by interpreting and describing teachers’ answers, while the close- ended questions of the questionnaire were analyzed using the quantitative content analysis. The results of this study revealed that the majority of the teachers agree on the implementation of professional development programs in the Department and they are aware of the importance and the benefits these programs would bring not only for teachers but also for students. Finally, these results show the need for professional development programs in the Department since all the teachers hold positive perceptions towards its implementation.
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    Orientalism and Feminism in Betty Mahmoody’s Not Without My Daughter (1987) and Zana Muhsen’s Vendues (1992)
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2023) BATTOU Sabrina; BELHITECHE Djouher
    This research paper examines the Orientalist representations in Betty Mahmoody’s Not Without My Daughter (1987) and Zana Muhsen’s Vendues (1992). It aims to provide how the East and Easterners are seen and portrayed in both works. It also aims to show the different forms of oppression that Eastern women encounter in both Iran and Yemen. To achieve our purpose, we have relied on Edward Said’s well known work Orientalism (1978), and Chandra Talpade Mohanty’s theory Under Western Eyes : Femenist Scholarship and colonial discourses (1984). In the first chapter of the dissertation, we have dealt with the representation of the West and Westerners ‘ the self’ versus the East and Easterners ‘the Other’. The second chapter has been devoted to the representation and double oppression of Oriental women. The latter analyzes how women suffer from male domination and religion rules. We have concluded that both Betty Mahmoody and Zana Muhsen tackle the same issue of the Orient. Both of them believe and accept on Western superiority. This research shows also that male’s authority over females and religious laws dominate Eastern women’s lives, denigrating them to a lower statut and subjecting them to physical and psychological abuse.
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    Bodies That Matter in Edward Albee’s The American Dream (1961) and Harold Pinter’s The Homecoming (1965): A Comparative Study
    (Université Mouloud Mammeri, 2023) AKLI Nabila; ALIOUANE Malika
    This dissertation is a comparative study of two literary works: Edward Albee’s The American Dream (1961) and Harold Pinter’s The Homecoming (1965). The purpose of this study is to unravel how men and women are judged in relation to their physical and biological distinctions, and highlight that the human body is depicted as a surface in which events occur and unfold through characters’ experiences in both American and British societies. To reach our purpose, we have relied on some theoretical concepts from Judith Butler’s Bodies That Matter: On The Discursive Limits Of Sex (1993) and Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (1990). We have explored how both Edward Albee and Harold Pinter handle the matter of the body in their respective works. Our work consists of two chapters, the first chapter discusses the subject pertaining to the human physicality, while the second one focuses on how genders perform and act their gender roles in society. In light of our findings, we have uncovered that the two respective playwrights in their works hold the same points of view regarding the focus on characters’ external attributes, rather than their internal ones. Yet, men and women establish new roles to act and behave