The Spiritual Quest in Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan (1169-1182) and Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe (1719)
UNIVERSITE MOULOUD MAMMERI TIZI-OUZOU
This work is a comparative study between Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan written approximately in 1169-1182 and Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe published in 1719. It has attempted to explore the journeys of the main characters and their spiritual quests. The discovery of their spirituality makes them aware of the superficial side of the material world and the importance of the individual relationship with the Divine. Both Crusoe and Hayy discovered happiness through loneliness. To explore the journeys of the two heroes, we have relied on the theory of Joseph Campbell The Hero With a Thousand Faces 1949 and explored the different steps that the characters have undergone all along their voyages; from their departure act to their initiation and finally to their return act. We have also used Harold Bloom’s The Anxiety of Influence 1973 to show Tufayl’s possible influence on Defoe’s novel. This dissertation consists of two chapters. The first one explored the physical Journey of Crusoe and Hayy and their self-discovery. The second chapter explored the inner journey of both main characters that resulted from their self-discovery. Both narratives highlight the importance of spirituality for the individual. Both heroes have undergone a journey and take almost a similar approach to challenge themselves in a quest to discover the self and God.
Ibn Tufayl, Daniel Defoe, Journey, Spiritual Quest, Influence
Littérature Générale et Comparée